The Krka River was proclaimed the Krka National Park in 1985. This confirmed the exceptional value of the beauty of the karst river, the distinctiveness of its natural phenomena and its cultural and historical monuments.
Travertine, the fundamental phenomenon of Krka Nation Park is a common appearance in the surface watercourses of the Dinaric karst, but it rarely builds waterfalls as it has on the Krka River. Travertine, which is limestone that has settled out of the water and accumulated on the travertine – building organisms (mosses, algae) creates various geomorphological forms.
Due to the distinctive position and various types of habitats along the Krka River, this area stands out for its exceptional wealth of flora and fauna. To date, 1022 plant species and subspecies have been recorded in the park area. Many amphibians can be found in the lake sections of the river and wetland areas, reptiles inhabit the thickets and rocky areas, while the river is habitat for many endemic fish species. The Krka River is exceptionally important for the spring and autumn bird migrations. Due to the number of species found here, this is one of Europe’s foremost ornithological areas.
The area of the Krka River abounds in cultural and historical monuments, traces of human creation since prehistoric times. These include the remnants of the aqueduct in the Roman settlement Scardona, the remnants of the Roman military camp at Burnum and the ruins of the medieval Croatian fortresses from the 14th century. In terms of size and the level of preservation, Ključica is one of the most important fortified structures, the most valuable are the Franciscan Church of Our Lady of Visocac and the monastery Our Lady of Mercy on Visocac Island, and the Krka Monastery ( Holy Archangel ). The many water mills and washing columns are monuments of rural architecture.
Source: Public Institute of Krka National Park0